Persephone, the Dark Queen

Persephone, the Dark Queen

Persephone is the Greek goddess of spring and maidenhood, as well as the Underworld's queen. She is married to Hades, who also happens to be her uncle. Proserpine is her Roman name. Persephone was the queen of the Underworld after being born to Zeus and Demeter, the harvest goddess. Zeus, on the other hand, disliked Persephone and abandoned them both. Demeter would subsequently be left to raise Persephone on her own.

Persephone attracted numerous suitors as she developed. She, on the other hand, remained a maiden. She was out picking flowers one morning when Hades broke through the Earth, riding a golden chariot drawn by black horses. He'd seen her earlier in the day and fell in love with her. He snatched her by the wrist and waist and dragged her into the chariot and down to the Underworld.

Persephone stayed for a year. During this time, her mother, Demeter, was distraught and sought for her for the first nine days. Hekate noticed her on one of the nine days and informed Demeter.

Demeter got depressed and lost interest in nature and the Earth. Nature died as a result of this, and the first winter occurred. Persephone yearned for a companion and despised Hades. However, he quickly warmed to her and discovered true independence (In Hades, at least). Soon after, Hecate appeared and befriended her, and Hades became overjoyed for Persephone.

Zeus immediately ordered Hades to return Persephone and dispatched Hermes to get her, but Hades surprised Zeus with a great gift. Persephone also consumed six pomegranates, which cursed her to remain in the underworld for six months. The gift captivated Zeus, but he was split between it and nature. He, Demeter, and Hades reached an agreement: Persephone would spend half of the year with Hades and the other half with Demeter on Earth/Mount Olympus


Calame, Claude. Greek Mythology. Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Lincoln, Bruce. "The rape of Persephone: a Greek scenario of women's initiation." Harvard Theological Review 72.3-4 (1979): 223-235.

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