Antiope, Daughter of Ares and Otrera

Antiope, Daughter of Ares and Otrera

In Greek mythology, Antiope was described as an Amazon, daughter of Ares and Otrera. According to some versions, during Herakles ninth labor, when he captured the Amazons' capital of Themiscyra, his companion Theseus, king of Athens, abducted Antiope and brought her to his home. Or she was captured by Herakles.

Antiope fell in love with Theseus and betrayed the Amazons of her own free will. They were eventually married and she gave birth to a son, Hippolytus, who was named after Antiope's sister. Soon after, the Amazons attacked Athens in an attempt to rescue Antiope and to take back Hippolyte's girdle. In the battle, known as the Attic War, Antiope was accidentally shot dead by an Amazon named Molpadia, who, in her turn, was then killed by Theseus.

Antiope was seduced by Zeus, who had fallen in love with her, in the form of a satyr. When her father Nycteus discovered that she was pregnant, he threatened her so she fled to Sicyon with King Epopeus. Out of shame, Nycteus killed himself and his brother, Lycus, took the throne. Lycus, now the King of Thebes, assembled his armed forces and set them to attack Sicyon. Epopeus was killed and they kidnapped Antiope.

While traveling through the wilderness of Mount Cithaeron, Antiope gave birth to twin sons, Amphion and Zethus, who were both left in the woods. Shepherds came across the boys and raised them as their own children. Hermes taught the boys various skills, Amphion became skilled at playing the lyre and Zethus became a skilled cattle herder.

While back in Thebes, Antiope was treated badly by the wife of LycusDirce. After discovering that her sons were still alive, Antiope fled from Thebes, found her sons, and asked them to avenge her. Amphion and Zethus kidnapped Dirce and tied her to a bull and she was pulled apart. They then killed Lycus and took the throne of Thebes. Dionysus was offended because Dirce was one of his followers so he drove Antiope mad. She roamed all the way to Phocis and was cured and married by King Phocus.


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