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  • The Mystic Amphirite

    The Mystic Amphirite

    Amphitrite in Greek mythology is the beautiful goddess of the seas, springs, aquatic life. She is the eldest daughter of Nereus and Doris. Amphitrite is the wife of Poseidon, thus making her Queen of the Seas. With Poseidon, she is became the mother of 1 son, 3 daughters; TritonRhodeKymopoleiaBenthesikyme.

     

    The story of her courtship with Poseidon started on the island called Naxos in the Aegean Sea. She was dancing with her sisters and when the god of the sea saw her, he decided he wanted her as his wife. Unfortunately, for the love-struck Poseidon, the goddess wasn’t interested in his proposal or giving up her life as a sea virgin and she ran off to the Atlas Mountains to hide.

    Being the persistent type, Poseidon summoned Delphinus, the dolphin king, to find the goddess and persuade her to marry him. The smart and gentle natured dolphin set off on the mission. After weeks of searching, he finally found her. He was such a lovely creature that Amphitrite was drawn to him and listened to his persuasion. Delphinus explained that her steadiness would balance the volatile nature of Poseidon, and that if she married him there would be harmony in the sea and joy for all. As a reward, Poseidon placed an image of Delphinus in the sky.

     

    Once they were actually married, the sea god went back to his usual ways and had numerous affairs with other goddessesnymphs and mortals. Although she generally had a kind nature toward the creatures of the sea, the goddess was getting increasingly annoyed and jealous due to the extracurricular activities of her husband outside of their marriage. Particularly irritating to Amphitrite was his extreme infatuation with the beautiful sea nymph, Scylla. In a fit of jealousy, she tossed magic herbs into Scylla’s bath and the nymph changed into a terrible hideous monster with twelve arms and six mouths. In the book "Circe" by Madeline Miller, it was actually Circe the Witch who had tossed the herbs to turn Scylla.

     

    As the goddess & queen of the seas, Amphitrite can manipulate/control water. She can calm the oceans and give protection to seafarers and seaman’s. Just like all her fellow gods, she can also; curse and bless anyone; can turn people into animal or object; can took form in any sizes, animals, mortals and creatures; and lastly she can fly around anywhere she wants

    References.

    1.Bass, Marisa. "Jan Gossaert's" Neptune and Amphitrite" reconsidered." Simiolus: Netherlands Quarterly for the History of Art 35.1/2 (2011): 61-83.

     

    2.Larson, Jennifer. "Amphitrite in and Out of the Olympian Pantheon." Les Études Classiques 87.1-3 (2019).

     

    3.Sommer, Frank H. "Poussin's' Triumph of Neptune and Amphitrite': A Re-Identification." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 24.3/4 (1961): 323-327.
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  • Artemis of the Wildland

    Artemis of the Wildland

    Artemis was one of the most frequently worshiped Ancient Greek deities. Diana is her Roman equal. Some scholars believe that the term, as well as the goddess herself, were pre-Greek. Homer refers to her as Artemis Agrotera, Potnia Theron, which translates as "Artemis of the Wildland, Mistress of Animals." The Arcadians thought she was Demeter's daughter.

    Artemis was frequently described as the dso and Leto, as well as Apollo's twin sister, during the classical period of Greek mythology. She was the Hellenic goddess of the hunt, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, virginity, and the protection of young girls, as well as the bringer and reliever of disease in women; she was frequently represented as a huntress with a Bow and Arrows. She revered deer, wolves, and cypress trees.

    Artemis was related to artemes by ancient Greek writers through folk etymology. However, the name Artemis is most likely derived from the Greek árktos "bear," as evidenced by the goddess's bear cult in Attica and the Neolithic remains at the Arkoudiotissa Cave, as well as the myth about Callisto, who was originally about Artemis. This cult was a reincarnation of very old totemic and shamanistic rituals, and it was part of a larger bear worship prevalent in various Indo-European societies. Britomartis, the goddess of mountains and hunting, was adored as a forerunner of Artemis in Minoan Crete.

    Artemis believed she had been chosen by the Fates to be a midwife, especially after assisting her mother during the birth of her twin brother, Apollo. All of her companions remained virgins, and Artemis guarded her own virginity with her life. The silver bow and arrow, the hunting dog, the stag, and the moon were among her symbols. Callimachus describes how Artemis spent her childhood searching for the items she would need to become a huntress, such as her bow and arrows, which she received from the isle of Lipara, where Hephaestus and the Cyclops operated.

     

    References

    (Apollo | Facts, Symbols, Powers, & Myths)

    (Apollo, the Greek god of manifold function and meaning | Britannica)

    (Artemis (mythology))

    Bierl, Anton. "Apollo in Greek tragedy: Orestes and the god of initiation." Apollo: Origins and Influences (1994): 81-96.

    Barnard, Mary E. The Myth of Apollo and Daphne from Ovid to Quevedo. Duke University Press, 1987.

    Budin, Stephanie Lynn. Artemis. Routledge, 2015.

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  • The Fearful Hippolyta

    The Fearful Hippolyta

    Hippolyta was the sister of Penthesilea and daughter of Ares and Otrera. She was the Amazonian queen who possessed a magical girdle she was given by her father, Ares, the god of war. Hippolyta was abducted by Heracles and fell in love with Theseus, eventually providing him with a son. The girdle was a waist gelt that signified her authority as queen of the Amazons. She figures prominently in the myths of both Heracles and Theseus. As such, the stories about her are varied enough that they may actually be about several different characters.

    A demigod, Hippolyta was mostly famous for her magical belt (or girdle in some cases), which was given to her by her father, Ares, the god of war. The belt greatly increased Hippolyta's physical strength and prowess in battle, and served as a symbol of her authority as queen. The hero Hercules was sent to retrieve Hippolyta's belt for his ninth labor. Heracles was received warmly by the queen and her tribe and Hippolyta was more than willing to give him the girdle, possibly because she was impressed by his strength and because he was going to give it to the war priestess Admete, but Hera, who hated Heracles, disguised herself as an Amazon and spread word that Heracles was plotting to kidnap the queen. The Amazons retaliated and Heracles came to believe that Hippolyta had betrayed him. He raped Hippolyta, then killed her, ripped the girdle from her body, then jumped ship. He also killed Celaeno, another Amazon. Another version says that Hippolyta refused to give up the girdle and declared war on Heracles. In battle, Hippolyta's horse threw her to the ground and Heracles offered her mercy but the proud warrior queen refused to give in. Heracles then bashed her in the head.

    Before her death, Hippolyta had a son named Hippolytus by Theseus, king of Athens. His father killed him under the false assumption that Hippolytus assaulted his current wife Phaidra because of Aphrodite who sought to punish both of them for Hippolytus' aromantic asexuality. After being revived by AsclepiusPhysician's Cure, Hippolytus joined the Hunters of Artemis.

    1.Ford, Michael. Heroes, Gods and Monsters of Ancient Greek Mythology. Andrews UK Limited, 2012.

     

    2.Heuscher, Julius, E. "Theseus and Hippolyta on the Couch." American journal of psychoanalysis 49.4 (1989): 319-327.

     

    3.Jennings, Ken. Greek Mythology. Simon and Schuster, 2014.

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  • The Infernal Persephone

    The Infernal Persephone

    Persephone is the Greek goddess of spring and maidenhood, as well as the Underworld's queen. She is married to Hades, who also happens to be her uncle. Proserpine is her Roman name. Persephone was the queen of the Underworld after being born to Zeus and Demeter, the harvest goddess. Zeus, on the other hand, disliked Persephone and abandoned them both. Demeter would subsequently be left to raise Persephone on her own.

    Persephone attracted numerous suitors as she developed. She, on the other hand, remained a maiden. She was out picking flowers one morning when Hades broke through the Earth, riding a golden chariot drawn by black horses. He'd seen her earlier in the day and fell in love with her. He snatched her by the wrist and waist and dragged her into the chariot and down to the Underworld.

    Persephone stayed for a year. During this time, her mother, Demeter, was distraught and sought for her for the first nine days. Hekate noticed her on one of the nine days and informed Demeter.

    Demeter got depressed and lost interest in nature and the Earth. Nature died as a result of this, and the first winter occurred. Persephone yearned for a companion and despised Hades. However, he quickly warmed to her and discovered true independence (In Hades, at least). Soon after, Hecate appeared and befriended her, and Hades became overjoyed for Persephone.

    Zeus immediately ordered Hades to return Persephone and dispatched Hermes to get her, but Hades surprised Zeus with a great gift. Persephone also consumed six pomegranates, which cursed her to remain in the underworld for six months. The gift captivated Zeus, but he was split between it and nature. He, Demeter, and Hades reached an agreement: Persephone would spend half of the year with Hades and the other half with Demeter on Earth/Mount Olympus

     

    References.

    Calame, Claude. Greek Mythology. Cambridge University Press, 2009.

     

    Lincoln, Bruce. "The rape of Persephone: a Greek scenario of women's initiation." Harvard Theological Review 72.3-4 (1979): 223-235.

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